MIT International Puppet Museum in Catalonia

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MIT COLLECTION

The Teia Moner collection includes puppets from the 18th to the 21st centuries located in permanent exhibition halls.
Unique pieces such as an 1810 Laurent Mourguet wink from the Thang Long Water Puppet Theater in Hanoi can be found. Vietnam, Chinese shadows of the late 1800s, puppets of the Museo Internionale delle Marionette Antonio Pasqualino in Palermo, UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage, among others.
These puppets tell us their own anecdotes showing the life and customs of their countries or their manipulators and builders.
One of the novelties of the museum is the treatment of the exhibited content. The puppets are grouped by modalities or techniques. This allows us to enjoy and compare the different forms, names, manipulations and characters of each puppetry technique showing us how they change depending on the country and the culture where they come from.
Through this simile we can understand part of the history of the countries, territories or people who designed them.
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Jordi Auseller, who has a degree in Anglo-Germanic Philology from the UB and a doctorate from the same university and is part of the Catalan Performing Arts Research Project (PRAEC), explains that puppets support various manipulation techniques.
Glove
When they are inserted into the hand like a glove to be manipulated with the fingers.
Dit
When they are worn on one finger where the body has a single movement.
Fil
Fully articulated and operated from above by a wooden cross from which hangs a thread to direct each movement.
Stem

(Also called marota), when they are manipulated from below by a lower axis, but their upper limbs are manipulated through rods, and sometimes their useful hand is that of the puppeteer himself.

Muppets
They are a simplification of the glove puppet, in which the whole hand is shod on the doll's head, which opens and closes the mouth.
Table puppets and bunraku

They are dolls that show us the whole body and are animated, often, on a medium-height counter, with more or less sophisticated mechanisms for the back of the head and the different limbs, depending on the number of manipulators.

Puppets carried
They are those that the puppeteer carries on his shoulders and acts by means of stems.
Automata

They are puppets that are driven by mechanical elements, and the manipulator is not always necessary for them to move.

The silhouette
It is possibly the simplest puppet: it can be a cut-out figure and attached to a simple stick or it can be equipped with a joint.
Other puppets
Seen through a screen and illuminated with a spotlight from behind, they are moved by stems and characterize the theater of shadows. Most of the time they are flat figures. When we also apply our hands to it, we are talking about Chinese shadows.
Object puppets
In which the most varied objects (shoes, hats, bones, trunks, stones, etc.) are manipulated and used, endowing them with human qualities.
There is an autochthonous variant called the Catalan glove puppet
Its construction and handling differ from those of the glove puppet of other traditions, such as the Italian puppet, the guignol (or French puppet), the punch (or English puppet) or the German Kasperle.
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The collection includes pieces from award-winning shows by the company Teia Moner. It also has a space where puppets used in therapy and education by different professionals in the performing arts, teaching and health are exhibited.

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